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The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here - including the listed dating ranges - are noted.Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; this is often but not always noted.Wine/champagne bottles have followed very similar and relatively narrow design patterns during the entire period covered by this website - the 19th to mid-20th centuries.One distinctive feature of most wine/champagne bottles which is not common on other bottles is the presence of a kick-up or push-up in the base.Wine - primarily the fermented juice of grapes - has been a common beverage since at least 2000 B. The fermentation of grape juice creates alcohol (typically 10-15% by volume) which both preserves the juice - enhancing the potential for long term storage - and adds extra dimensions and characteristics of particular appeal to humans since time immemorial.Wine is, of course, an extremely popular beverage today around the world.In the wine world this basal indentation is known as a "punt" though that term was not apparently used by glass makers.

Wine and champagne bottles are some of the most commonly recovered items from historic sites throughout the U. since the consumption of wine was (and is) very common in most "Western" countries (Jones 1986).One other note on wine bottles is that they are somewhat rarely embossed, but instead product identified with labels or frequently with blob seals.Most other types of bottles show a tendency towards more embossed examples through the last half of the 19th century and into the first couple decades of the 20th.Wine and champagne (carbonated or "sparkling" wine) bottles were, generally speaking, produced in a much more limited variety of shapes than the spirits/liquor containers discussed above.(Note: On this page the term "champagne" is referring to all sparkling wines, not just those from that region of France.) A large majority of wine/champagne bottles are round in cross section; square, rectangular, or other body shapes are unusual, though they do exist to a minor extent with wine bottles, especially in the 20th century.

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